The Complex

Exclusive: Air Force Grounds Fighter Jets as Shutdown Takes Hold

Entire fighter squadrons are grounded. The Defense Department's Middle East specialists are barred from the Pentagon. Thousands of the Intelligence Community's top geeks are at home playing Minecraft. The shutdown of the United States government is starting to have very real impacts on the American defense and intelligence infrastructure. Director of National Intelligence Jim Clapper even calls it a "dream scenario" for other countries to recruit spies who ordinarily work for the federal government -- when that government is actually open. There's even a poor Air Force reservist who has been deemed "nonessential" at all three jobs he holds.

The slightly good news? Lawmakers might -- might -- do something about this today. "I hope issues of partisan politics can be set aside and we can all come together and pass, right now by the end of the day, a continuing resolution to fully fund the Department of Defense and intelligence community," said Sen. Ted Cruz during a Senate Judiciary Committee hearing where Clapper appeared this morning. Cruz is at the heart of the debate over Obamacare that has led to the government shutdown.

In addition to calling the shutdown a foreign intelligence fantasy, Clapper told senators during today's hearing that he will recommend to President Barack Obama that he sign a continuing resolution funding the Pentagon's and Intelligence Community's civilian workers despite the shutdown.

Clapper also said he is "very concerned about the jeopardy to the country" and that he cannot "guarantee" the safety of the United States due to the shutdown.

The National Security Agency (NSA), one of the 16 government agencies that make up the U.S. Intelligence Community, has furloughed "over 960 Ph.D.s, over 4,000 computer scientists, over a thousand mathematicians," NSA chief Gen. Keith Alexander told the committee. "Our nation needs people like this."

It looks like the shutdown will also prevent the Privacy and Civil Liberties Oversight Board from conducting its public hearing into the NSA's domestic surveillance on Oct. 4. The board just announced that it is rescheduling that hearing because government witnesses are unable to appear due to the shutdown.

At the Pentagon, the staff that helps Defense Secretary Chuck Hagel and other top officials formulate U.S. military policy toward nations like Egypt, Syria, Iran, and Israel have discovered they are not essential. "There have been personnel throughout policy furloughed, but not all," Defense Department spokeswoman Cmdr. Amy Derrick-Frost told FP in an email. "This includes the Middle East desk. I don't have specific names or numbers."

The furloughs are also having impacts at the military units tasked with preparing for and fighting the nation's wars.

U.S. Strategic Command, the organization in charge of America's nuclear and cyber arsenal, will see 85 percent of the 2,000 civilians that make up most of its headquarters staff furloughed. Air Force Special Operations Command has also furloughed 1,200 or its 1,560 civilian employees.

Even though troops are officially exempt from furloughs, some are seeing their missions taken away.

The Air Force's Air Combat Command (ACC) -- home to the service's fighter jets, B-1 bombers, and most of its drones and spy planes -- has grounded squadrons that are not set to deploy abroad after January.

"If you're on to the hook to deploy before January, we're saying go ahead and train," ACC spokesman Lt. Col. Tadd Sholtis told FP. However, if a unit is waiting until after that, its aircraft will remain on the ground. A striking example of this can be found at Mountain Home Air Force Base in Idaho. None of the 366th Fighter Wing's squadrons of F-15E Strike Eagles are slated to deploy before January. This means the only fighters based at Mountain Home flying this fall are the F-15SGs of the Singaporean Air Force that are permanently stationed there. Interestingly, German and Canadian air force jets are also flying out of the Idaho base on training deployments of their own.

In addition to squadrons set to deploy, ACC squadrons that train F-22 Raptor, MC-12 Liberty, and the command's various drone crews will remain airborne. A limited number of "urgent" tests flights are also being conducted. Of ACC's 10,000 civilians, 7,500 are at home. Given the fact that the command is still providing fighters, bombers, and spy planes around the globe, it may have to find a way to bring some of these people back to work if the shutdown continues for too long.

"There continues to be a high demand for combat air power during the shutdown, and unfortunately we have fewer people supporting only moderately reduced operations," said Sholtis. "Should the current shutdown persist, we may need to bring additional personnel back to work in order to continue to support operational requirements."

Meanwhile, the very real impact of the shutdown is being felt by U.S. Air Force Reserve Maj. Eric Brine.

Brine normally works on the Air Force staff as a civilian general-service employee. But for part of this year, he is on loan to Virginia Democratic Sen. Tim Kaine's office as a presidential management fellow. Meanwhile, as a member of the Air Force Reserve, he contributes about two months out of the year working at the Pentagon's public affairs shop. Brine just got done finding out he's "nonessential" in all three jobs.

It's tough, said the father of four, "to be nonessential, essentially everywhere I work," he told FP's Situation Report this morning. Yesterday, he first reported to the Air Force at the Pentagon to fill out paperwork to enter furlough status. Then he went to Capitol Hill to be formally furloughed from that job. (Because of the government shutdown, all three of Kaine's advisors on national security are furloughed. That's a tough one -- Kaine serves on both the Senate Armed Services and the Senate Foreign Relations committees.)

Then Brine headed back to the Pentagon yesterday, only to be told that his orders to report as a reservist at the public affairs shop had also been canceled, since Reservists are also not considered essential. In fact, Brine, a major in the reserves, was expecting to be promoted this week at the Pentagon while on duty -- by Kaine.

"I spent a very full day getting temporarily canned all over town," Brine told Situation Report. "So now the joke is that I got the furlough hat trick. I've got a bunch of jobs and no income. So much for hard work paying off."

U.S. Air Force

The Complex

Pentagon Spent $5 Billion on Weapons on the Eve of the Shutdown

The Pentagon pumped billions of dollars into contractors' bank accounts on the eve of the U.S. government's shutdown that saw 400,000 Defense Department employees furloughed.

All told, the Pentagon awarded 94 contracts yesterday evening on its annual end-of-the-fiscal-year spending spree, spending more than five billion dollars on everything from robot submarines to Finnish hand grenades and a radar base mounted on an offshore oil platform. To put things in perspective, the Pentagon gave out only 14 contracts on September 3, the first workday of the month.

Here are some of the more interesting purchases from Monday's dollar-dump.

First up: the Defense Logistics Agency, the Pentagon branch that provides the armed services with things like fuel and spare parts. DLA has the honor of dropping the most cash in one contract last night with the $2.5 billion award it gave to aircraft engine-maker Pratt & Whitney for "various weapons system spare parts" used by the Army, Navy, Air Force and Marines. Other highlights of DLA's last-minute spree included: $65 million for military helmets from BAE Systems, $24 million for "traveling wave tubes" to amplify radio signals from Thales, $17 million for liquid nitrogen, $15 million for helium and $19 million on cots. Yes, cots.

Then came the Navy. The sea service spent hundreds of millions of dollars on 31 contracts buying everything from high-tech Finnish hand grenades to janitorial services.

The service's biggest contracts were aimed at protecting ships from underwater attack. It gave Lockheed Martin a total of $139 million for sonar that allows Arleigh Burke-class destroyers to detect submarines and underwater mines. The Navy is also buying $40 million worth of hand grenades made in Vihtavuori, Finland, that allow "users to choose the level of blast needed for the situation." Another $18 million is going to Phoenix International Holdings to operate a robot submarine called the Submarine Rescue Diving and Recompression System that can save people from disabled subs sitting up to 2,000 feet underwater.

Not everything the Navy spent its end of year cash on was high tech, however. The service also gave $64 million contract to build a new fuel pier in Point Loma, Calif. It also added $9 million onto an existing $138 million contract for janitors at Navy medical centers in San Diego.

The Air Force, traditionally DOD's biggest spender, was relatively restrained; it dished out only 17 contracts. One of the big themes of the Air Force's spend was spying. The service spent cash on everything from spy satellites to drones to planes that can be used to hunt drug dealers.

The air service gave General Atomics $49 million to help France buy 16 MQ-9 Reaper drones. It also dished out $64 million to Lockheed for help operating spy satellites that are equipped with infrared cameras. Another $9 million went to URS Corp. for maintenance work on the Air National Guard's fleet of RC-26B spy planes that help domestic law enforcement agencies catch drug dealers. Johns Hopkins University got $7 million from the Air Force Research Lab to develop software that can monitor raw communications signals and images collected around the world to detect significant "events" in real time. $8 million is going to a company called McCrone Associates to analyze particles in order to ensure someone is complying international ban on nuclear weapons tests. It doesn't say who that someone is or what type of particles are being analyzed.

The service also spent $9 million on a new gym at the Air Force Academy that includes areas for CrossFit training, space for the academy's Triathlon Club and a "television studio."

The Army only had a couple of relatively large contracts last night. The first was a $600 million award spread out between nine companies to develop alternative energy projects for the Army Corps of Engineers. The ground service also spent $200 million on for Interceptor-brand body armor made by Federal Prisons Industries for sales to other countries. In addition to these deals, the service gave out plenty of relatively small contracts -- and relatively is an important word here -- for everything from renovations on a reserve center in New Jersey to the purchase of 60 Mercedes Benz trucks for African countries.

The Missile Defense Agency (MDA) gave Raytheon $230 million to support operation of the massive, sea-going X-band radar station that MDA uses to detect ballistic missile launches in Asia. MDA also gave Trex Enterprises $6 million for telescope mirrors that are impervious to changes in temperature.

The Defense Threat Reduction Agency, the Pentagon's arm responsible for defeating threats posed by weapons of mass destruction, gave Johns Hopkins University $9 million for research into detecting "chemical, biological, radiological, nuclear and high-yield explosive material."

Finally, U.S. Special Operations Command got in on the spending last night, giving out one $49 million contract to Boeing for development work on an upgraded version of the Army's MH-6 Little Bird chopper.

This goes to show that even when the federal government is shutdown and the military has temporarily lost half its civilian workforce, the Pentagon can spend money like almost no one else.

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